Geology

Programmes Offered

  • BSc / BSc (Hons) in Geology

Curriculum

BSc in Geology

Fieldwork is a vital part of an earth scientist’s training. Our field courses are designed to provide a wide range of practical exercises and field experience in geology: observing, measuring, recording, mapping, and problem-solving. A geology specialized student must take field training course from second year through final year. In final year, students must submit geological field report and mapping projects. Term papers and project papers submission are essential that reflects their undergraduate career. The combination of lectures, practical classes, field teachings, and tutorials provide an unrivalled education in the Earth Sciences.

B.Sc. (Honours) in Geology

Students who passed second year with GPA ≥4 are eligible to attend BSc (Hons) classes for three years. After finished successfully, they are earned BSc (Hons) degree majoring in Geology.

Course Descriptions

Geol 1101: Principles of Geology I
This course provides to understand the basic concepts and principles of geology. It includes the following sub-heading; Planet Earth, Crystals and Minerals, Igneous Rocks, Sedimentary rocks, Metamorphic rocks, and Rock cycles.
Geol 1102: Principles of Geology II
This course aimed to students to investigate external geological processes, internal geological processes, plate tectonics, common geological structures, earth history, and earth resources.
Geol 2101: Elements of Mineralogy
This course deals with crystallography which includes cubic system, tetragonal system, hexagonal system, orthorhombic system, monoclinic system, triclinic system, twining, crystal chemistry, and crystal structure.
Geol 2102: Structural Geology and Tectonics I
Structural geology concerns with the architecture of rocks that has result from deformation; and form, arrangement and internal structure of the rocks. Wider aspect of continental and oceanic of global structure referred to as tectonics. This course includes structural deformation, fractures, folding, faulting, and lineation.
Geol 2103: Field Geology and Surveying
Field work is essential and integral part of geology. It involves mainly geological mapping. Field geology include methods, observation, and measurements; methods of location point, tape-and compass traverse methods; outcrop mapping; field work with sedimentary rocks, field work with igneous rocks, field work with metamorphic rocks; preparation of geological map, and writing geological report. Surveying is the art of making measurement the distance, angles, elevations, direction, area and volume of natural and man-made features on the earth.
Geol 2104: Environmental Geology I
Environmental geology mainly concerns with the use and application of geoscientific knowledge and information lead to understanding of geologic hazards; proper use and care for earth resources; control and reduction of environmental pollution and degradation. This course includes geological hazards such as earthquake, landslide, volcanic eruptions; and hydrological hazards such as floods and coastal hazards.
Geol 2105: Optical Mineralogy
This module concerns with the microscopic examination of minerals which should be mastered by all students of geology early in their careers. The aim of this module is to enable to identify minerals using petrographic microscope. This module covers principles of optical mineralogy, physical and optical properties of olivine, pyroxene, amphibole, mica, feldspar, feldspathoid, silica groups, and other important minerals such as garnet, tourmaline, carbonate, aluminosilicate group; gem minerals such as diamond, ruby, sapphire, emerald, aquamarine, peridot, jadeite.
Geol 2106: Structural Geology and Tectonics II
This module focuses on Cleavage and Schistosity: origin, relation of cleavage and schistosity to major structures; Secondary Lineation: origin, types, relation of lineation to major structures; Structural Petrology or Petrofabrics; Continental Drift, Sea-floor Spreading and Plate Tectonics.
Geol 2107: Field Training Course
Field training course is designed to provide a wide range of practical exercises and field experience in geology; observing, recording, mapping and problem solving. Assessment is to be made in the field by judging performance on field work, competency, etc. of students. Field duration is 15 days and the area is Chaungzon Township, Mon State.
Geol 2108: Environmental Geology II
This module emphasizes Human-induced Hazards and Problems; Using and Caring for Earth Resources; and Protection and Preservation of the Natural Environment in Myanmar.
Geol 3101/3201: Igneous Petrology I
This module deals with magma processes, field relations, texture, structures and classification of igneous rocks.
Geol 3102/3202: Sedimentary Petrology I
This module would be of beneficial to students getting knowledge of processes of sedimentation, properties of sediments, and the structure of sedimentary rocks.
Geol 3103/3203: Invertebrate Paleontology I
This module emphasizes on all aspects of fossilized life found in the rocks and concern with the systematic study of phyla Protozoa, Porifera, Coelenterata, Bryozoa, Graptolithina, mentioning general features, morphological characteristics, classfication, paleoecology and stratigraphic significance.
Geol 3104/3204: Metamorphic Petrology
This module deals Processes of Metamorphism, Agent of Metamorphism, Types of Metamorphism, Textures, Classification of Metamorphic rocks and Metamorphic belts and epochs of Myanmar.
Geol 3107/3207: Geomorphology
This course provides to understand the topographic maps and interpretation of air-photographs and geological maps. It includes the following sub-heading; Basic concept of geomorphology, Fluvial processes and their landforms, Tectonic and structural landforms, Karst landforms, Costal processes and landforms, Paleogeomorphology and Applied geomorphology.
Geol 3108/3208: Igneous Petrology II
This module consists of the data of igneous rocks such as petrography of various clans of the acid, intermediate, basic and ultramafic groups, pyroclastic rocks and lamprophyres; igneous associations at various plate boundries; igneous activity in Myanmar; and major granitoid belts of Myanmar.
Geol 3109/3209: Sedimentary Petrology II
The purpose of this module is to enable students to get the knowledge of clastic sedimentary rocks; chemical and organic sedimentary rocks; and depositional environments and facies.
Geol 3110/3210: Invertebrate Paleontology II
This module deals with systematic study of phyla Echinodermata; Arthropoda; Brachiopoda; and Mollusca; mentioning general features; morphological characteristics; classification; paleoecology; and stratigraphic importance. In addition, it introduces students to trace fossils.
Geol 3111/3211: Field Training Course
Field training course is designed to provide a wide range of practical exercises and field experience in geology; observing, recording, mapping and problem solving. Assessment is made in the field by judging field conduct, competency, etc. of students. Duration of field training course is 21 days and area included in Thazi Township, Mandalay Region.
Geol 3114/3214: Advanced Surveying
This course provides to understand advanced surveying. It includes the following sub-heading; Surveying fundamentals, Tape and offset surveying, Levellin, The theodolite and its use, Electromagnetic distance measurement, Satellite positioning systems, Survey methods, Orientation and position, Analysis and adjustment of measurements, Areas and volumes, Controls and precision, Hydrographic surverying
Geol 4101/4201: Stratigraphic Principles and Practice
It is mainly concerned with Geologic Time and Geochronology; Stratigraphic procedures; Stratigraphic Classification and Nomenclature; Sedimentary facies; Stratigraphic correlation; and Stratigraphic maps.
Geol 4102/4202: Geology of Myanmar I
This module covered most of the geological information through the geological time emphasize on Paleozoic stratigraphy of Myanmar.
Geol 4103/4203: Economic Geology
It is mainly concerned with petrology, classification, processes of formation of mineral deposits and occurrence of mineral deposits in relation to plate-tectonic settings.
Geol 4104/4204: Photogeology and Remote Sensing
Photogeology is identification and interpretation of geological features by studying of a set of air-photo. It is designed to provide the data of recognition of elements in air-photo interpretation; and air-photo interpretation characteristic of various rock types. In addition, students will enable to learn Remote Sensing.
Geol 4105/4205: Applied Geology I (Engineering Geology and Hyrogeology)
This course contains two main parts; Engineering Geology and Hydrology. Engineering Geology is application of geological knowledge to the siting, design construction, operation and maintenance of civil engineering structure and facilities. Hydrogeology mainly concerns with origin and occurrence of groundwater, chemical characteristic of ground water.
Geol 4108/4208: Mineral Deposits of Myanmar
This module covers most of the geological information about various minerals deposits of Myanmar.
Geol 4109/4209: Geology of Myanmar II
This module covers most of the geological information through the geological time emphasize on Mesozoic and Tertiary stratigraphy of Myanmar.
Geol 4110/4210: Exploration Geology
This course emphasizes on exploration sequence, geological methods, geophysical methods, geochemical methods for mineral exploration.
Geol 4111/4211: Field Training Course
Field training course is designed to provide a wide range of practical exercises and field experience in geology; observing, recording, mapping and problem solving. In addition, these courses prepare students to enable writing geological field report and mapping projects. Each group has to submit report and mapping projects. Assessment is done during the field training by judging their interest, actively participation in field work, competency, etc. of students. Duration of field training is 21 days and the focus area is Pindaya Township in Southern Shan State.
Geol 4113/4213: Gemmology
This module concerns with the properties of gemstones and their identification; gem testing instruments; and enhancement of gemstones.
Geol 5201: Optical Crystallography
Optical mineralogy deals with the use of polarizing microscope under conoscopic arrangement. This module enables students to understand the optical properties of minerals, optic orientation diagrams, optic figures and their sign determination.
Geol 5202: Principles of Petrology I
This module is designed by a combination of two topics: igneous petrology and metamorphic petrology; due to their similarity in approach and principles involved. It enables students a better understanding of modern classification of igneous rocks, phase mineralogy, petrographic model analysis, granitoid rocks of Myanmar, metamorphic facies and facies series, and plate tectonic and metamorphism.
Geol 5203: Remote sensing and GIS
This module enables students to understand modern remote sensing techniques, remote sensing application in mineral exploration and basic principles and procedure of geographic information system.
Geol 5204: Regional and Global Tectonics
This module focuses on Plate Tectonic Theory; Plate tectonic and mineralization; Tectonics of South East Asia and geodynamics of India-Asia Collision.
Geol 5205: Research Methodology I and Project Assignment
It is a compulsory for every student to write a paper on assigned topics in one of the Study Fields: Mineralogy, Igneous and Metamorphic Petrology, Sedimentology, Paleontology, Structural geology, and Economic Geology. Seminar presentation and sitting examination on the paper submitted are compulsory.
Geol 5206: Regional Stratigraphy of Selected Regions
This module deals with Regional Stratigraphy of South India and the Himalayas; Regional Stratigraphy of Thailand; Regional Stratigraphy of Yunan; Tertiary Stratigraphy of Assam and Indonesia.
Geol 5207: Vertebrate Paleontology and Micropaleontology
This module presents two main parts: Vertebrate Paleontology and Micropaleontology. The purpose of Vertebrate Paleontology is to enable students to gain knowledge of Evolution of the Vertebrates, Fishes, Amphibian, Reptiles, Mamamals and Primate. Micropaleontology deals with a systematic study of some Foraminiferas.
Geol 5208: Principles of petrology II
This purpose of module is to enable students a better understanding of sedimentary environments, clastic rocks, carbonate rocks, clay minerals and mudstone.
Geol 5209: Mining Geology
Mining Geology is fundamental inductive knowledge of drilling, mining methods and mineral dressing.
Geol 5210: Applied Geology II (Gemmology and Seismology)
This module is designed by a combination of Gemmology and Seismology. Gemmology concerns with advanced level of physical and optical properties of gem minerals, gem testing instruments, Identification of gems and grading. Seismology concerns with causes, waves, measuring and prediction of earthquakes and earthquake hazards in Myanmar.
Geol 5211: Research Methodology II and Project Assignment
It is a compulsory for every student to write a paper on assigned topics in one of the Study Fields: Mineralogy, Igneous and Metamorphic Petrology, Sedimentology, Paleontology, Structural geology, and Economic Geology. Seminar presentation and sitting examination on the paper that submitted are compulsory.
Geol 5212: Field Training Course
Field training course is designed to provide a wide range of practical exercises and field experience in geology; observing, recording, mapping and problem solving. In addition, these courses prepare students to enable writing geological field report and mapping projects. Each group has to submit report and mapping projects. Assessment is done during the field training by judging their interest, actively participation in field work, competency, etc. of students. . Duration of field training is 30 days and the focus area is Pyin Oo Lwin Township in Northern Shan State and Kyaukse Township in Mandalay Region.

Dr. Khin Maung Hla

Professor(Head)

Dr. Tin May Tun

Dr. Tin May Tun

Professor

Dr. Mya Moe Khaing

Associate Professor

Dr. Thant Sin

Associate Professor

Dr. Hlaing Myo Nwe

Associate Professor

Lecturers

  • Daw Myo Thu Soe
  • U Zaw
  • Daw Nyein Thidar Moe
  • Daw Myo Myo Htwe
  • Dr. Htin Lin Aung
  • Dr. Naw Chel Phaw

Assistant Lecturers

  • Daw Tint Tint Tun
  • Daw Nway Cherry Win
  • Daw Thidar Than
  • U Min Han Nyein

Demonstrator

  • Daw Khin Hnin Swe
Mission
  • Collecting technical information, doing researches, distributing information, applying and reviewing for the society
  • Producing intellectually wise, discerning and responsible human resources
Vision
Bago University’s main goal is to produce highly qualified, competent, undergraduate human resources for the purpose of building a modern, developed nation.
Contact
Bago University
Yangon-Mandalay Highway Road, (8/9) ward, Oakthar Myothit, Bago, Bago Region, Myanmar.