This module deals with animal cell, tissues, organs and variety of life and helps the students to understand the modern cell theory, the organization and function of various cell components and the type of tissue present in animal bodies. It also offers the knowledge concerning with six kingdoms of life on earth and three domains.
Zool 1102: Life Processes and Homeostasis
This module deals with the nutritional requirements, the functions of organs system in human and other vertebrates. It also offers the knowledge concerning with the process of homeostasis in the body of human.
Zool 1001: Animal Kingdom and Organization of Life Forms
This module deals with the basic unit of living organisms, functions of various organelles of cell and the role of DNA and RNA in living cell. It also offers the knowledge concerning with the six kingdoms of the life on the earth and to obtain the awareness that prokaryotic cells are basic divisions for six kingdoms.
Zool 1002: Chemicals of life and life Processes
This module deals with chemical elements, nutrition, cellular respiration and transport. This module helps the students to understand the chemical basis of living cells and tissues, to detail study of relationship between chemicals of life and physiology.
Zool 2101: Protista and Lower Invertebrates
This module deals with Protista and lower invertebrates. It helps the students to gain knowledge about anatomy and physiology of Protista and lower invertebrates, to understand about unicellular organisms’ structures, behavior and their ways of reproduction around their environment.
Zool 2102: Mollusca
This module deals with the systematic classification and characteristic of Phylum-Mollusca. It also offers the knowledge the general morphology and anatomy of Gastropods and the culture methods of pearls.
Zool 2103: Arthropoda
This module deals with the systematic classification and characteristics of Phylum-Arthropoda. It also offers the knowledge the general morphology, anatomy and organ systems of Arthropods.
Zool 2104: Acoelomata and Coelomata
This module deals with the systematic identification, morphology, anatomy and physiology of acoelomic and coelomic animals. It helps the students to understand differences among Acoelomata, Pseudo Coelomata and Coelomata. It also offers the knowledge concerning with acoelomic and coelomic animals in biodiversity and their role in human society.
Zool 2106: Echinodermata
This module deals with the systematic classification, general characteristics, behavior and ecological range of phylum-Echinodermata. It also offers the knowledge concerning with Echinoderms as food and use by humans, medicine, farming and defense mechanisms. It helps the students to understand the representative types of Echinodermata.
Zool 2111: Ichthyology
This module introduced the study of taxonomy, morphology and biology of fish. This module helps the students to understand how do study for meristic characters and morphometric measurements of Ichthyo fauna, fish diversity and their conservation status and to analyze human activities that threatened upon natural habitats and fish diversity.
Zool 2112: Herpetology
This module deals with the nature and scope of amphibians and reptiles. It covers diversity, morphology, ecology, biology and behavior of amphibian and reptile species. This module helps the students to understand the nature and biology of diverse herpetofauna species and to gain knowledge about the conservation issues.
Zool 2113: Ornithology
This module deals with the structures and functions of various systems in birds. It helps the students to understand the unique in having feathers that insulate their bodies, making possible a closely regulated body temperature and aiding in flight, no other animals possess feathers. Studying the ornithology aims to gain basic knowledge of birds.
Zool 2114: Mammalogy
This module described the characteristics and classification of mammals. Studying the mammalogy aims to understand the dynamics of locomotors processes in mammals with the arrangement of structures and their functions. It helps the students to understand the modes of feeding and foraging strategies in mammals and to study some general aspects of two body control systems that are unique to mammals.
Zool 2115: Protochordates and Cyclostomes
This module introduced about the life history of Protochordates and characters of Acoelomata. This module helps the students to study on the structure and development of Protochordates and Acoelomata and to understand the classification and reproductive biology of Protochordates and Acoelomata.
Zool 3101/3201: Taxonomy and Nomenclature
This module deals with the two major fields of systematics that constitute of classification and nomenclature. Classification is the process of establishing and defining systematic groups. Nomenclature is the allocation of names to the taxa so produced. The students will understand the systematics and the operative principles of nomenclature in biology.
Zool 3102/3202: Ecology
This module helps the students to understand the ecology that is the interaction and interdependence between organisms and the environment. Beside this, they will learn about earth's basics biomes,the abiotic and biotic factors that make up different ecosytems and how these factors interact with living organsims.
Zool 3103/3203: Zoogeography
Zoogeography deals with patterns of animal distribution and species diversity. The study of zoogeography helps the students to know knowledge about zoogeographic regions, dispersal and migrations of animals and ecological factors effecting on geographical distribution of animals.
Zool 3104/3204: Descriptive statistics
Statistics deals with the science of conducting studies to collect, organize, summarize, analyze, and draw conclusions from data. This module shows to understand how to collect, analyze, interpret, present and organize of data, to apply the two main statistics method.
Zool 3106/3206: Animal Behaviour
The animal behaviour deals with ecology that is the study of the natural history of behaviour. This module shows in details the behavior of individual animals such as communication, social organization and breeding pattern in their lives.
Zool 3111/3211: Elementary Physiology
This module deals with to provide students with a basic understanding of the fundamental processes and mechanisms that sense and control the various functions of the body and to know the structures and functions of biological systems in animals.
Zool 3112/3212: Parasitology
Parasitology deals with organisms that live in or on other organisms, called their hosts. The parasite benefits by their association while the host suffers. Moreover, students will be able to known how to prevent and control parasites.
Zool 3113/3213: Entomology
This module deals with insects that are treated by the science. These include the terrrestiral arthropods that share habitats and interact with insects and many that cause similar pest problems. Entomology provides the students to know the classification and characteristics of insects.
Zool 3114/3214: Mendelian genetics
This module aims to know basic genetics, the science of heredity and a fundamental discipline in the biological sciences as well as to get the knowledge on the basic rules necessary for solving the genetics problems.
Zool 3115/3215: Toxicology
This module deals with the branch of medical science that consistis of the nature properties, effects and detection of poison. Toxicology concerns with observing and reporting symptoms, mechanisms, detection and treatments of toxic substances.
Zool 4101/4201: Molecular Cell Biology
This module deals with the evolution of cell, small molecules, energy and biosynthesis, structure and shape of molecules. This module offers the knowledge on how cells change over time and how similar traits become different in different living organism at cellular level. It also to provides how energy is extracted from food and spent in driving biochemical reaction in cells. Beside this, students will understand about enzymes and nucleic acids, and their roles in catalysis and information transmission in cells.
Zool 4102/4202: Biodiversity and Conservation
This module informs the variability among living organisms from all sources, including terrestrial, marine and other aquatic ecosystems and the ecological complexes of which they are part. This module will provide the students to know the knowledge of the Myanmar biodiversity and its status, to obtain the outline the main biodiversity in Myanmar to evaluate the pros and cons of species introductions and reintroductions, to make discussions on the conflict between conservation and development.
Zool 4103/4203: Environmental Science
This module enhances the systematic study of our environment and our interactions with it. Environmental science has the characteristics of various disciplines of life science as botany, zoology, microbiology, biochemistry, biotechnology and genetics. The goal of this course is to develop public awareness and knowledge of environmental issues and to know personal responsibility for environmental presentation and restoration. This course will focus on pollution and degradation of the environment related to human activities. Students will know the impacts on biodiversity and sustainability from local and global development.
Zool 4104/4204: Inferential Statistics
This module deals with the differences between parameter and a statistics. It helps the students to understand the concepts of sampling distribution, statistical reliability and hypothesis testing as well as the principles and procedures of the various tests of significance. It also offers to gain the knowledge of student's t-test, analysis of variance, Chi-square test, Correlation and regression.
Zool 4105/4205: Embryology
This module deals with embryology that means the sequential stages of embryonic and foetal development, the molecular features of embryology and advances in the manipulation of embryonic cells. It helps the students to gain the knowledge of anatomical and physiological aspects of the adult animals and the origin of the congenital abnormalities.
Zool 4111/4211: Endocrinology
This modules reveals the students that endocrine system is a group of glands that regulate physiological functions by releasing hormones into the bloodstream. Hormones are chemicals that carry information to different parts of the body. This course will enhance the students to know about introduction to endocrinology, to support the clinical significance of endocrinology, to know about the anatomy of endocrine system, thyroid nodules and organs of lymphatic system.
Zool 4112/4212: Microbiology
This module aims the students to understand the basic knowledge of microbiology and to know the application of beneficial and effective microorganisms. This module enhances that the students will be able to learn the anatomy, nutrition and growth of prokaryotes, to understand the viral structure and pathogenesis, to know the spoilage of food caused by microorganisms and to know how to utilize the microorganisms in agriculture and industry.
Zool 4113/4213: Biotechnology
This module aims the students to understand the history of biotechnological developments and milestones and to impart principles of molecular genetics, genetic engineering, bioprocessing, fermentation and enzyme technology. This course explores the students to have knowledge of an development of biotechnology as an integrative science and the students will become aware of the need to work carefully in biotechnological research and application to prevent hazards.
Zool 4114/4214: Aquaculture
This module deals with the forming of aquatic organisms, including fishes, mollusks, crustaceans and aquatic plants. In this module, the different types of aquaculture systems, water depuration mechanisms, basic culture methodologies, common problems and solution of commercially important species are described. The focus is to understand the conditioning factors and how they can be manipulated and the environmental impacts of aquaculture.
Zool 4116/4216: Poultry Science and Management
This module aims that poultry farming is the process of raising domesticated birds such as chickens, ducks, turkeys and geese for the purpose of farming meat or eggs for food. Poultry producers routinely use nationally approved medications such as antibiotics, in feed or drinking water, to treat disease or to prevent disease outbreaks. This module will enhance to faster and encourage the exchange of information relating to poultry farming and allied industries. The study of poultry science will assist and promote the growth and development of poultry in the country.
Zool 5201: Embryology
This module is studies of development of animals dealing with changes through which a fertilized egg pass before it become the adult state. This course will focus on series of steps of embryonic development which differs in various chordates and the differences of chief phases are in fishes and amphibians.
Zool 5202: Endocrinology
This module is to understand that endocrinology is a branch of biology and medicines dealing with endocrine system, its diseases and its specific secretions called hormones. This course will enhance the students to know about endocrinology in introduction level, to support the clinical significance of endocrinology, to know about the anatomy of endocrine system, thyroid nodules and organs of lymphatic system.
Zool 5203: Biodiversity
This module explores the students that biodiversity was introduced by naturalists who were worried about the rapid destruction of natural environments. This module will provide the students to know the concept and principles of biological diversity, to learn on taxonomic hierarchic classification based on the evolutionary relationship and their geographic distribution, to gain the knowledge on mechanisms of diversification of species and their genetic diversity and to aware the process of interaction between species diversity and ecosystem.
Zool 5204: Virology and Bacteriology
This module reveals that viruses cause most of diseases such as influenza, herpes, severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) and AIDS. This module examines a range of topics concerning with viruses: what their characteristics are, how they are classified, how they replicate, what role they play in some kinds of cancers, how they are maintained in the laboratory, and whether viruses are alive.
Zool 5205: Research Methodology
This module will enhance the students to understand that research is a scientific process of investigation and / or experimentation that involves the systematic collection, analysis and interpretation of data to answer a certain question or solve a problem. This module aims at the discovery and interpretation of facts, the revision of accepted theories in the light of new facts or at the particular application of such new or revised theories. The research has permitted man to describe the universe, to predict the consequences of natural phenomenon and to control them.
Zool 5206: Linkage and Chromosome Mapping
This module aims to explain the students that the chromosomes may be linked together on one of the autosomes or connected together on the sex chromosomes. The results of testcrossing dihybrid individuals will yield different results, depending upon whether the genes are linked or on different chromosomes. Somatic cell hybridization (SCH) has been useful in assigning human genes to their respective chromosomes.
Zool 5207: Physiology
This module reveals the knowledge so that the students can extend the knowledge of Animal Physiology and to develop a critical appreciation of key concepts in animals including human. Upon successful completion of lecture portion of this course, the students will be able to an integrated understanding of physiological mechanisms. This course will enhance that the students have an appreciation of how the parts of body are linked into a whole function.
Zool 5208: Immunology
This module deals with the immune system, antibodies and humoral immunity, immune phenomena and medicine. It helps the students to study all aspects of immune system and their functions in all organisms and to know the major components of the immune system. It also offers to understand the antigens and types of immunodeficiency.
Zool 5209: Evolution
This module deals with evolution that consisting of Darwin’s Theory of Natural Selection, type of Selective Process, origin of species, chromosome change and general nature of the fossil record. It offers to understand the essence of Darwin’s theory, the role of natural selection, the nature of species and the rate of Evolution.
Zool 5210: Palaeontology
This module deals with the study of fossils known as Palaeontology. It aims to explain the origins of life on Earth, subsequent evolutionary development and changes and the extinction of biological groups. It helps the students to understand the Geological time scale, fossilization, causes of extinction and the details of invertebrate and vertebrate Palaeontology.
Zool 5211: Biotechnology
This module deals with the application of biological organisms, systems or processes known as biotechnology. It gives the students to knowledge the definitions of Biotechnology, recombinant DNA technology, techniques of genetic engineering, transgenic animals, microarrays and stem cell.
Zool 5212: Biometry
This module deals with biometry that consisting of experimental design, the properties of theoretical normal distribution, the traditional method, Mann-Whiteney U test and the Kruskal-Wallis test. It offers to understand the definition of statistics, the descriptive statistics, inferential statistics, two defining characteristics of variable and hypothesis testing.
Zool 611: Zoological Nomenclature and Postgraduate Study in the Biological Science
This module deals with the International Code of Zoological Nomenclature consisting of Articles and Recommendations, how to learn the scientific method and conducting a research project. It helps the students the knowledge how to write and how to talk about your work and postgraduate study in the Biological Science.
Zool 612: Zoogeography and Ecology
This module deals with the Geologic Eras, fauna and flora of seven geographical regions and their distribution. It helps the students to gain the knowledge about freshwater ecology, marine ecology, estuarine ecology and terrestrial ecology.
Zool 613: Quantitative and Population Genetics
This module deals with Quantitative and Qualitative genetics principles, selection methods. It also offers to study the population genetics by Hardy-weinberg equilibrium, calculating gene frequencies for alleles and testing a locus for equilibrium.
Zool 614: Developmental Biology
This module concerns with the developmental biology that integrates molecular biology, physiology, cell biology, anatomy, cancer research, immunology, evolutionary and ecological studies. It also offers to understand the classification of cleavage types, mechanisms of cleavage, the development of sexual behavior and pattern formation during limb development.
Zool 621: Animal physiology and Endocrinology
This module concerned with the physiological mechanisms and chemical coordination of endocrine system. Physiology is a branch of science that explores the similarities and differences between living things and how they function. Endocrinology is a branch of biology and medicine dealing with the endocrine system. This module helps students to develop a critical appreciation of key concepts in animal (including human) physiology.
Zool 622: Environmental studies and Conservation Management
This module explores the students to give information that clarifies modern environmental concepts such as the need to conserve biodiversity, the need to lead more sustainable lifestyles and the need to use resources more equitably. Students will be able to apply knowledge to solve problems related to wildlife conservation and management. This course will enhance the students to be able to critically evaluate current events and public information related to wildlife conservation and management.
Zool 623: Evolutionary Biology and Animal Behaviour
This module deals with the biology and evolution of organisms. It also covers the distribution range of organisms and their evolution period. Studying this module aims to interest in the behavior patterns of animals and how to adapt their environment. This module helps to students to gain knowledge about habitat selection and their niche.
Zool 624: Invertebrate Immunology
This module is to learn about the nature of microbes and to study on the diversity of microbes and their role in the field of immunology. This module enhances the students to be more interested in morphology of microbes and the students become understand about immune response of microbes.