Students who passed second year with GPA ≥ 4 are eligible to attend B.A. (Honours) classes for three more years. After finished successfully, they are earned B.A. (Hons) degree majoring in Oriental Studies.
M.A. in Oriental Studies
OS 1101: Pāli Language
This module covers the basic principles of Pāli Grammar: Introduction to Pāli, Pāli Alphabet in Roman and Myanmar Scripts, Declension of the Nouns ending in a, ā, i, ī, and u, Seven conjugations, Tense Terminations (Present, Imperative, Optative, Past Tense (Aorist), Future Tense), Patisedha-nipāta (Prohibitive Particles), Sambandhana (Conjunctions), Pubbakālakriyā (Gerund), Icchatthakriyā (Infinitive), and Itivacana (Direct Narrations). This will provide students with the knowledge of sentence construction, translation and Pāli Piṭaka. After learning Pāli grammar, students can translate Pāli sentences into Myanmar and English.
OS 1102: Pāli Literature (Prose)
This module includes life of the Buddha with an introduction to the Jātakatthakathā and seven Jātakas extracted from it. Pāli Literature (prose) introduces the Division of Pāli Canon, the khuddakapātha and the Maṅgalasutta, the Dhammapada and three vaggas extracted from it, and the Lokanīti and 20 verses extracted from it. Life of Buddha provides students with the knowledge of the history of Buddhism. The Division of Pāli Canon provides students with the knowledge of Pāli Tipiṭaka. The Maṅgalasutta gives way to gain the good fortune in daily life. The Dhammapada acquaints students with the Buddha's teaching. The Lokanīti imparts the worldly wisdom to the men dealing with educational, social, political, moral, and civic duties to be fulfilled as a household man. To understand the translation from Pāli to English, to know and practice the lesson given by the Jātakas in daily life.
OS 1103: Pāli Language
This module deals with the basic principles of Pāli Grammar: Participles (Present, Past and Future), Nouns ending in consonants, Pronouns (Personal, Demonstrative, Relative, Interrogative and Indefinite), Numerals, Adjective, Causative Verb, Passive Verb, Interrogative Sentences, Absolute Construction, and Translation. This will provide students with the knowledge of sentence construction, translation and PāliPitaka. After learning Pāli grammar, students can translate Pāli sentences into Myanmar and English.
OS 1104: Pāli Literature (Poetry)
The module is concerned with Division of Pāli Canon, Maṅgalasutta, Dhammapada, and Lokanīti verses. The Division of Pāli Canon provides students with the knowledge of Pāli Tipiṭaka. Maṅgalasutta gives way to gain the good fortune in daily life. Dhammapada acquaints students with the Buddha's teaching. Lokanīti imparts the worldly wisdom to the men dealing with educational, social, political, moral, and civic duties. By the study the Maṅgalasutta, to know how to win good fortunes in daily life.
OS 2101: Pāli Language
This module includes the basic principles of Pāli Grammar: Sandhi, Nipāta, Possessive and Comparative Adjective, Prefix, Feminine Suffixes, Adverbs, Interjection and Vocatives, and Translation. This will enable students to be familiar with sentences construction, translation and Pāli Piṭaka.
OS 2102: Pāli Literature (Prose)
The module focuses on the extracts from the Vinaya and DhīghanikāyaMahāvaggas. It offers knowledge of the Vinaya rules and Suttas preached by the Buddha. It also helps students to understand the conditions of Indian society in the life time of the Buddha. To know the social conditions of India during the lifetime of the GotamaBuddha.
OS 2103: Pāli Literature (Poetry)
The module is concerned with the extracts from Theragāthā and Therīgāthā. To knowis their biographies and utterances were delightful verses. To know the biographies and utterances of the Thera and Therī.
OS 2004: Buddhist Councils
The module covers Buddhist Councils (First, Second, Third), the important milestones in the history of Buddhism. It introduces students to the origin of the Buddhist Councils, Venues, presidents, and number of monks, sponsors and results. It can also enable students to gain knowledge of the background history. King Asoka sent religious missions to the nine different countries and TheravÈda Buddhism was introduced into Ceylon.
OS 2104: Pāli Language
This module covers the basic principles of Pāli Grammar: Desiderative verb, Denominative verb, Intensive verb, Usage of Cases (Kārakas), Compound (Samāsa), Secondary derivative (Taddhita), and Translation. This will provide students with the knowledge of sentence construction, translation and the PāliPiṭakas
OS 2105: Pāli Literature (Prose)
The module deals with the extracts from the SaṁyuttaNikāya which is the moral, social lessons and Law of Kamma. To know is the ethical practices from SaṁyuttaNikāya. After the learning the Jātakas, students can know that the birth stories are the role models for the people.
OS 2106: Pāli Philology
This module deals with Introduction to Pāli, Ten Major Branches of Indo-European Family, The Origin of the Indo-Aryan, Indo-Iranian and Indo-Aryan, Three Indo-Aryan Periods, Etymology of Pāli, and Home of Pāli. To know the ancient Aryan-people lived in Europe and central Asia before they migrated into India.
OS 2010: Buddhist Councils
This module deals with Buddhist Councils (Fourth, Fifth, Sixth), the important milestones in the history of Buddhism. It enables students to gain knowledge of the origin of the Buddhist Councils, Venues, presidents, and number of monks, sponsors and results. It will also help them to read the background history
OS 3101/3201: Pāli Literature (Poetry)
The module is concerned with the extracts from the Khuddakapāțha and Paṇditavagga, Attavagga and Lokavagga from the Dhammapada. In the MettÈ sutta, the Buddha discusses the conditions that must obtain for Mettā to arise and how to cultivate it one's mind and heart. It also familiarizes them with the verses of the Dhammapada which instruct the moral ethics to develop the art of living. It is indeed a book for all mankind.
OS 3102/3202: Pāli Literature (Prose)
The module focuses on the extracts that are Cūḷamālukyaputtasutta, Cūlakammavibaṅgasutta from the MajjhimaNikāya; and Kesamuttisutta from the AṅguttaraNikāya. It is also concerned with Pañattipañha, Pabbajjapañha, Sīlakkhaṇapañha and Satilakkhaṇapañha in the Milindapañha.
-At the end of the semester, student will be able: The Buddha explains how kamma accounts for the fortune and misfortune of beings.
OS 3103/3203: Sanskrit Language
This module acquaints students with the Sanskrit alphabet in Devanāgarī and Roman scripts, Vowel Sandhi rules, and declension of nouns ending in a and ā. It will also help them to understand the First, Fourth, Sixth and Tenth Conjugations, and Tense Terminations. To understand Sanskrit Sandhi rules and to apply them in Sanskrit Language and literature.
OS 3104/3204: Prakrit
The module introduces students to a brief history of the Indo-Aryan languages and various uses of the word ''Prakrit." It familiarizes them with the Dramatic Prakrits and Jain Prakrits, the General Character of Prakrit, the Phonetics, and the Saurasenī Extracts No.1-4. Subject Defined also provides students with the knowledge of a brief history of the Indo-Aryan languages and the historical relationship between Sanskrit, Prakrit and Pāli. To understand the background history of the Prakrits and to realize the nature and character of Prakrit.
OS 3105/3205: Pāli Conversation and Composition
The module deals with Pāli Conversation and Composition. It will help students to have mastery of sentence construction, and translation.
OS 3106/3206: History of Buddhism
The module is concerned with History of Buddhism in Myanmar. It introduces students to a brief history of Buddhism of Thaton, Suvanabhūmi, Sarekhetra, Rakhine and Bagan.
OS 3107/3207: Linguistics
The module covers Linguistics: general characteristics of Languages, origin of the Language, fields of Linguistics, Phonetics, Phonology, Morphology, and Syntax of Semantics.
OS 3108/3208: Pāli Literature (Poetry)
The module deals with the extracts from the Texts: Udāna, Itivuttaka and Suttanipāta. The Udāna provides students the place and time of the utterances the Buddha had uttered which seem to be compiled in the early period of the Buddha's Life. The Itivuttaka introduces them to the utterances of the Buddha which mean ''Thus, it is said". It helps students to appreciate sutta which expresses the discourses and philosophical ethics the Buddha desired to share. To know in Œmagandha sutta, bad mind and wicked deeds defile a man
OS 3109/3209: Pāli Literature (Prose)
The module is concerned with the extracts that are Samādhipañha, Paññattipañha, Dhammasantatipañha and Vedagūpañha from the Milindapañha Text. It aims at helping students to study the problems of Buddhist philosophy bymeans of available similes in Life.
OS 3110/3210: Sanskrit Language
The module familiarizes students with the Consonantal Sandhi, VisargaSandhi, Declension of nouns ending in, ī, u and ū, the Future and Imperfect Tense Terminations, the Second, Third, Fifth, Seventh, Eighth and Ninth Conjugations, Translation of Sanskrit to English and that of English to Sanskrit.
OS 3111/3211: Prakrit
The module deals with Prākrit. It introduces students to Compound Consonants, Vowels, Sandhi, JainMahārāstsrī, the story of Mandio the Robber the Robber, Domuha, and the Ardha-Māgadhī Udāyana. To help the study of Prākrit literature.
OS 3112/3212: History of Buddhism
The module focuses on History of Buddhism in Thailand, Cambodia, Laos, Indonesia, Vietnam, Sri Lanka and Tibet. Theravāda Buddhism in Thailand had been developed by the effort of the monks and support of the kings.
OS 4101/4201: Pāḷi Literature (Canonical)
The module acquaints students with Pāḷi Literature from the Dhammapad, Suttanipāta, Theragāthā and Therīgāthā Texts. To know the ethical knowledge as mentioned in the Dhammapada Pāḷi Text and get free from all misery.
OS 4102/4202: Pāḷi Literature (Non-Canonical)
This module covers Anāthapiṇḍikaseṭhivatthu and Cittagahapativatthu from the Dhammapadaṭṭhakatthā, Meṇḍakapañha (Sabbaññubhāvapañha and Maccupāsammuttipañha) from the Milindapañha Text, and Guttilajātakavaṇṇanā from the Jātakaṭṭhakathā.
OS 4103/4203: Sanskrit Language
The module deals with declension of Nouns ending in ṛ, Pronouns, Particles, tense termination (Perfect tense), gerund, infinitive and translation
OS 4104/4204: Epigraphy
The module is concerned with the RājakumāraPāḷi Inscription and KalyāṇīPāḷi Inscription.
OS 4105/4205: History of Pāli Literature in Myanmar
This module deals with History of Pāli Literature in Myanmar: Pinya, Innwa, Nyaungyan, Konboung.
OS 4106/4206: Buddhist Ethics
The module offers knowledge of the Buddhist culture: the three Gems, the three Refuges, Morality, Prayer, Sending Mettā and Sharing Merits, which are the basics for all Buddhists to be understood and practised. To know morality is to restrain from all evil actions, to fulfill merits and to purity one's mind.
OS 4107/4207: Buddhist Art and Architecture
This module introduces Origin of Stupa and Temple, Kinds of Stupas, Parts of the Stupa, and Decorative Statues of Pagoda – Sakka, Brahmā, Manussīha, Hamsa, Nāga, Sīha, Vasundarī, Dagon-dine (Flagstaff).
OS 4108 /4208: Pāḷi Literature (Canonical)
The module covers Siṅgālasutta from the Dīghanikāya, Jīvakasutta and Aṅgulimālasutta from the
Majjhimanikāya, Akkhaṇasutta from the Aṅguttaranikāya and Dhajaggasutta from the Saṁyuttanikāya. To understand the social duties towards each other in the family and community.
OS 4109/4209 :Pāḷi Literature (Non-Canonical)
The module focuses on ''the righteous man" from Sujanakaṇḍa, "the evil man" from Bāladujjana and
"the friendship" from Mittakaṇḍa of the Lokanīti Text. To know the Lokanīti is a Text of worldly wisdom that guide the people to be an educated one. The man who has mastered this treatise is full of general knowledge and is noble and educated.
OS4110/4210: Sanskrit Language
This module familiarizes students with Declension of nouns ending in consonants, Aorist Tense Terminations, the Causal Verb, Passive Verb and Translation.
OS 4111 /4211: Epigraphy
The module is concerned with Seven Aśokan Pillar edicts.To be expert in writing Aśokan pillar inscriptions in Brahmī script.
OS 4113/4213: Buddhist Philosophy
The module covers the Two Worldly guardian dhammas (Hirī and Ottappa); the Four Sublime States of mind practised by the Brahmas (Brahmavihāra); the Three Characteristics (Anicca, Dukkha, Anatta) ‒impermanence, suffering, non-self; the Four Noble Truths (Catusaccāni); Charity (Dāna); Morality (Sīla) and the Insight Meditation (Bhāvanā). The focus is on the most important Buddhist Philosophy.
OS 4114/4214: Buddhist Art and Architecture
This module introduces Buddha Image:History of Buddha Image,Buddhist Iconography,Uṇhīsasīsa,
Bhūmiphassa, Dhammacakka , Abhaya, Varada, Jhāna,Sīhāsana, and Padumāsana.
OS 5201: Pāli Grammar
The module deals with Kaccāyana (Ākyātakappa).
OS 5202: Pāli Literature (Poetry)
The module covers the extracts from Dhammapada: Appamādavagga, Bhikkhuvagga, Maggavagga and Suttanipāta: Atthakavagga,Theragāthā: and Therīgāthā.
OS 5203: Sanskrit Literature
This module deals with Hitopadeśa (Nidānavatthu, The Old Tiger and the traveller, the Deer, the Crow
and the Jackal).
OS 5204: Epigraphy
The module acquaints students with Seven Aśokan Rock Edicts (I-V)
OS 5205: Ancient Indian History
This module introduces students to Ancient Indian History (Maurya Empire).
OS 5206: Pāli Literature in Myanmar
This module introduces the History of Pāli literature in Bagan Period.
OS 5207: Mahāyāna Buddhism
The module includes Introduction to Mahāyāna Buddhism: Hīnayāna and Mahāyāna, Causation, Karma and Non-Ego, the Buddhist Doctrine of Knowledge, Tathata, Nirvana, Trikāya (The Three Bodes of the Buddha), Amida, Bodhisattva, Enlightenment and Salvation.
OS 5208: Buddhist Art (Architecture)
This module introduces the knowledge of Painting and Sculpture in Bagan.
OS 5209: Pāli Literature (Prose 1)
The module familiarizes students with Pañcasatikakkhandhaka, Sattasatikakkhandhaka from VinayaPiṭaka: Cūḷavagga.
OS 5210: Pāli Literature (Prose 2)
The module deals with the extracts from the Majjhimanikāya: Pāsarāsisutta, Alagaddūpamasutta and SamyuttaNikāya: Sagāthāvagga-Nidānavaggasamyuttapāli: Kosalasamyutta-Pathamavagga, Anguttaranikāya: Atthakanipātapāli: Paññāsutta, Dutiyalokadhammasutta.
OS 5211: Sanskrit Literature
This module is concerned with Nala and Damayantī (Chapter I and II) and Hitopadeśa: The Blind Vulture and The Cat.
OS 5212: Buddhist Philosophy
This module introduces the knowledge of Buddhist Philosophy: Abhidhammatthasaṅgaha.
OS 5213: History of Sanskrit Literature
The module covers Rāmāyana, Mahābhārata, Kāvya Literature, Drama Literature,
Nīti Literature: Pañcatantra and Hitopadeśa.
OS 5214: Prakrit
The module covers the Introduction to Prākrit: Classification of Prakrits, and Prakrit Literature.
OS 5215: Mahāyāna Buddhism
This module introduces the knowledge of Further Development of Mahāyāna, Mahāyāna in Practice, and Outline of Some Important MahāyānaSūtras.
OS 5216: Buddhist Art (Votive Tablets)
The module familiarizes students with Votive Tablets in Myanmar.