- B.Sc. / B.Sc. (Hons) in Physics
- B.Sc. (Hons) in Meteorology
- B.Sc. / B.Sc. (Hons) in Nuclear Physics
- M.Sc. and M.Res. in Physics

## Physics

#### Programmes Offered

## Curriculum

#### B.Sc. in Physics

### Course Descriptions

*Phys 1101/1001 : General Physics I*

The Module Deals with Motion in a Plane: Components of motion, Projectile motion, Uniform circular motion and centripetal acceleration. Forces: Newton's law of gravitation, A closer look at g, Apparent weightlessness, Friction: Causes and types, Coefficients of friction, Air resistance. Work, Energy and Power: Work, Energy, The conservation of energy, power. Rotational Motion and Dynamics: Description of rotational motion, Torque and moment of inertia, Rotational work, power, and kinetic energy, Angular momentum. Sound: The nature of sound, Sound and hearing, sound phenomena. Fluid Mechanics: Fluid properties, Pressure and pressure measurement, Buoyancy and Archimedes' principle, Fluid flow.

*Phys 1102/1002: General Physics II*

The Module includesLight and Illumination: The nature of light, Interference, Diffraction, Polarization, Illumination. Basic dc Circuits: Resistances in series and parallel, Kirchhoff's rules and multiloop circuits, Voltage sources in series, Circuit applications. Solar energy Technology: Solar radiation, Electricity from solar energy, solar heating and cooling. Thermodynamics, Heat Engines & Pumps: The first law of thermodynamics and thermodynamic processes, The second and third laws of thermodynamics.

*Phys 1103: Modern Physics I*

This Module is Elements of AC Circuits & Electronic Circuits: Reactance, Impedance, Resonance & Power Factor, Electrical Power, Transmission, House-hold Circuits, Electrical Safety, Personal Safety & Electrical Effects, Ground- Fault Interrupter, Logic Gates Circuits, Introduction to Boolean Algebra.

*Phys 1104: Modern Physics II*

The Module Focuses on Electronics and Solid State Device: The Electron Tube, Solid State Devices, Printed Circuits, Integrated Circuits and fabrication, Regulator Diode and Application, Light Emitting Diodes, Xerography & Electrostatic Copiers.
Modern Physics: Intrinsic semiconductors, Compound semiconductors, Junction Diode, n-p-n Transistors, p-n-p Transistors, Rectifiers, Amplifier. Radio, TV and Computer: Radio, Woofer and Tweeter, Television, LCDs - Liquid Crystal Displays, Radio Telescopes, Computer.

*Phys 1105: Quantum Physics & Astrophysics*

This Module covers Quantum Physics and the Dual Nature of Light: The Ultraviolet Catastrophe & Quantization, Photo Electric Effect & De Broglie Wave-Particle Duality & Bohr H-Atom Theory, LASER Experiments with (a) bullets (b) waves (c) electrons. Probability and Probability amplitude, Electron Microscope. Relativity: Space (x1, x2, x3),Time(ct = x0) and Matter (E/c2), Pre-Newtonian space & time, Lorentz, Fitzgerald and Larmor's concepts of space and time, Einstein and Minkowski's space-time, Twin paradox Doppler shift, Red Shift, Lorentz Transformation, Four Vectors.
Fundamental Astronomy: Celestial sphere, Astronomical Time systems, Calendars
The Solar System: Planetary configuration, Orbit of the earth and visibility of the Sun, physical and geological properties of planets, the inner planets, the Earth and the Moon, the outer planets and the minor bodies of the solar system.

*Phys 1106: Stars and Galaxies*

The Universe, Galaxies and Planets, Formation of chemical elements, Nucleo-synthesis, New Planetary System, The Solar System, The Planetary Orbits, The two body problem, The orbit equation, The gravitational attraction, The escape velocity, Projectile motion, Space Travel, Is there a beginning? Worm holes and Black holes, Cosmology. Stellar Evolution: Why Do Stars evolve? How Do Stars evolve? Stars< 8Msun, Stars> 8Msun: Supernivae, Where do we come from? Life in the Universe.

*Phys 1107: Optics & Photonics I*

This Module Covers introduction to Photonics, Geometrical Optics: Optical rays .Refractive index. Fermat’s principle. Reflection and refraction from planar mirrors and boundaries between media of different refractive indexes. Fiber Optics; Imaging and spherical surfaces; Refractive Power and Magnification, Eyesight correction Total internal reflection. Applications: single-lens imaging, microscopes, telescopes, prism scanning systems, concentrators, optical fibers.

*Phys 1108: Optics & Photonics II*

This Module is concerned optical instruments: Stops and Pupils; Eyepieces, Microscopes and telescopes. Waves and wave equations: representation of plane and spherical waves. Time and frequency domain representation. Superposition of waves. Polarized light: types of polarized light. Production and applications of polarized lights, optical modulation, Fiber optics: Communication; Allowed modes, Bandwidth and data-rate.

*Phys 2101: Mathematical Physics*

Vector Analysis: Vector and Scalars, The dot and Cross Product, Vector Differentiation, Gradient, Divergence and Curl, Vector Integration, The Divergence Theorem, Stokes’ Theorem, and Related Integral Theorems, Curvilinear Coordinates.

*Phys 2102: Computational Physics*

Elementary computing concepts: PC basic, Introduction to Math CAD / Mathematica. Essential programming concepts: variables, arrays, block structure, subroutines and functions, compile-link-debug cycle, Pseudo Language / C language, excluding obscure features, Top-down approach to program design, Programming examples chosen from the physical sciences. Numerical Technique: Finite diffuseness, Newton's formulae, Numerical integration, Solution of algebraic and transcendental equation. (OR)
Ordinary and Partial Differential Equations: Differential Equation: Solutions of Differential Equations, Equations of First Order and First Degree, Variables separable and reduction to variables separable, Exact Equations and Reduction to Exact Equations, Linear Equation, Geometric application, Physical application,
Partial Differential Equations: Elimination of arbitrary constants, Linear partial differential equations.

*Phys 2103: Electric and Magnetic Fields / 2003 Minor First Semester*

The static electric field: Part 1, The static electric field: Part 2, The Steady Electric Current,

*Phys 2104: Thermal Physics / 2004 Minor Second Semester*

Applications of Thermodynamics, Unit systems, First law of thermodynamics, Heat and specific heat, Specific heats for ideal gases, Processes for ideal gases, Quasistatic-Adiabatic process. Equation of state, Thermal expansions, Physical description of the second law, Kelvin-Planck and Clausius statements, Reversible processes and cycles, Sign convention of heat and work, Macroscopic definition of entropy, Principle of increase of entropy, Change in entropy for an ideal gas, Carnot cycle, Third law of thermodynamics, The Kinetic Theory of Gases, Molecular Model of an Ideal Gas, Molar Specific Heat of an Ideal Gas, Adiabatic
Processes for an Ideal Gas, The Equipartition of Energy, The Boltzmann Distribution Law, Distribution of Molecular Speeds/ Mean Free Path.

*Phys 2105: Atomic Physics*

Atomic Physics: Atoms, ions and electrons, The special theory of relativity, Properties of electromagnetic radiation, Waves and particles, The hydrogen atom, Optical spectra and electronic structure, X-ray spectra.

*Phys 2106: Analytical Mechanics*

Analytical Mechanics: Static of bodies, Work & potential energy, Motion with air resistance, Oscillations, resonance and phenomenon vibrations, Systems of particles, linear and angular momentum, Motion of rigid body in plane, Central force motion, Gravitational Potential, Orbital motion, Black holes, Generalized co-ordinates.

*Phys 2107: Statistical Mechanics*

Statistical Mechanics: Microstates and degeneracy, distinguishable and indistinguishable particles, Thermodynamic functions of state, distribution functions, Entropy, disorder and the probability of system configuration occurring, Information theory, Arrow of time, Equilibrium configuration, Boltzmann distribution, Temperature, Partition function, Onedimensional harmonic oscillator, Planck distribution, Black body radiation, Fermi-Dirac and Bose- Einstein distributions.

*Phys 2108: Optics & Photonics III*

Lights as photons. Brief introduction to absorption, emission, and luminescence. Diffraction of light (Applications): resolution of imaging systems. Angular spreading and focusing of optical beams. Interference of light: Two-beam interference; Young’s Slits; Thin Film interference. Interference of light: Stokes relations and Multiple beam interference.

*Phys 2109: Space-time Physics*

Pre Newtonian Physics, Newtonian Gravity, Newtonian Space-time, Michelson & Morley Experiment, Motion in Mechanics, Einstein's Space-time, Four vectors in Special Relativity.

*Phys 2110: Relativistic Mechanics*

Lorentz Transformations, Phase velocity, wave velocity, group velocity, Relativistic kinetic energy, Length, Mass and Time in Special Relativity, Addition of velocities. Energy moment fourvectors, The twin paradox, Introduction to curved space-time, Gravitation as curvedspace-time phenomenon.

*Phys 3101: AC Circuits & Electronics*

(Elementary network theory), Sinusoidal steady state response of circuits, Magnetic theory and circuits, Transformers, (Thevenin and Norton theorems), Diodes: characteristics and applications, (Special-Purpose Diodes), Bipolar Junction Transistors (BJTs), Transistors Bias Circuits.

*Phys 3102: Electronics*

BJT Amplifiers, Field-Effect Transistors; FET Amplifiers, Power Amplifiers, Amplifier Frequency Response.

*Phys 3103: Nuclear Physics*

Nuclear properties, Nuclear models, Nuclear forces, Nuclear energy, Nuclear disintegration, Decay processes, Nuclear radiation detectors: Gas filled detectors, Scintillation detectors, Semiconductor detectors.

*Phys 3104: Nuclear Physics*

Nuclear Reactions, Particle accelerators, Elementary particles and quarks, Introduction to radiation protection, Health Physics.

*Phys 3105: Classical Mechanics*

Introduction to Newtonian Mechanics: Frames of Reference, Newton’s Law of Motion, Inertial and Non –inertial Frames, Mechanics of a Particle, Motion under a Constant Force, Motion under a Time-dependent Force, Reflection of Radio waves from the Ionosphere, Motion under a Velocity Dependent Force, Motion of Charged Particles in Magnetic Fields, System of Particles: Centre of Mass, Conservation of Linear Momentum, Angular Momentum, Conservation of Angular Momentum, Kinetic Energy for a System of Particles, Energy Conservation of a System of Particles, Time Varying Mass Systems_Rockets, Lagrangian Formulation: Constraints, Generalized Co-ordinates, Principle of Virtual Work, D’Alembert’s Principle, Lagrange’s Equations, Kinetic Energy in Generalized Co-ordinates, Generalized Momentum, Variational Principle: Hamilton’s Principle, Deduction of Hamilton’s Principle, Lagrange’s Equation from Hamilton’s Principle, Central Force Motion: Reduction to One-body Problem, General Properties of Central Force Motion, Effective Potential.

*Phys 3106: Classical Mechanics*

Hamiltonian Mechanics: The Hamiltonian of a System, Hamilton’s Equations of Motion, Hamilton’s Equations from Variational Principle, Canonical Transformations, Hamilton-Jacobi Theory: Hamilton-Jacobi Equation, Hamilton’s Characteristic Function. Harmonic Oscillator in The H-J Method, Separation of Variables in The H-J Equation, Central Force Problem in Plane Polar Co-ordinates, Action-Angle Variables, Harmonic Oscillator in Action-Angle Variables, The Motion of Rigid Bodies: Introduction, Angular Momentum, Kinetic Energy, Inertia Tensor, Principle Axes, Euler’s Angles, Infinitesimal Rotations, Rate of Change of a Vector, Coriolis Force, Special Theory of Relativity: Relativistic Lagrangian of a Particle, Relativistic Hamiltonian of a Particle, Space-Time Diagram, Geometrical Interpretation of Lorentz Transformation, Principle of Covariance, Four-Vectors in Mechanics, Charge Current Four-Vector, Invariance
of Maxwell’s Equations,

*Phys 3107: Electromagnetic Wave Theory*

The Static Magnetic Field of Steady Electric Currents: The static magnetic field of ferromagnetic materials: Magnetic dipoles and magnetization, Uniformly magnetized rod and equivalent air filled solenoid, The magnetic vectors B, H and M, Boundary relations, Tables of boundary relations for magnetic fields, Ferromagnetism, Magnetization curves, Hysteresis. Laplace's and Poisson's equations and boundary value problems: Solutions of Laplace's equations in rectangular coordinates, The parallel plate capacitors, Point by Point or interactive method, Solutions of Laplace's equations in cylindrical and spherical coordinates, Poisson's equation, Time-changing Electric and Magnetic Fields.

*Phys 3108: Electromagnetic Wave Theory*

Time-Changing Electric and Magnetic Fields: The Relation Between Field and Circuit Theory: Maxwell’s Equation: Plane waves in dielectric and conducting media: Plane waves and the wave equations, Solutions of the wave equations, Tables of solutions of wave equations, Phase velocity, Index of refraction, Group velocity, Impedance of dielectric media, The impedance of transmission line cell, Two plane waves traveling in opposite directions, Standing waves, Energy relation in a traveling waves, The Poynting vector, Energy relations in a standing wave, Conductors and dielectrics, Wave equations for conducting media, Depth of penetration. Relaxation time, Impedance of conducting media, The Poynting vector in a conducting media, Circuit application of the Poynting vector, General development of the wave equations problems.

*Phys 3109: Mathematical Physics*

Determinants and Matrices , Complex Number, Functions of a Complex Variable

*Phys 3110: Mathematical Physics*

Special Functions, Partial Differential Equation, Gamma, Beta functions, Differentiation under the Integral Sign.

*Phys 3111: Optics & Photonics IV*

Light Amplification; Simple description of a laser. Properties of Lasers: Lasers and LEDs, Optical devices: detectors, LEDs, and lasers. Laser-Stimulated Emission: Laser Design, The ruby Laser, The Helium Neon Gas Laser.

*Phys 3112: Optics & Photonics V*

Diffraction gratings and grating spectrometers, Polarized light: Types of polarized light, Production and applications of polarized light-optical modulation, Polarization and polarization devices (polarizers, retarders, rotators).

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Operational Amplifiers: Introduction to Operational Amplifier & its applications, Oscillators, Voltage Regulators, Op-Amp Frequency Response, Basic Op-Amp Circuits, Active filters, Oscillators & the Phase-locked loop.

*Phys 4102: Electronics*

(Number Systems), Operations and codes, Logic Gates, Boolean Algebra and Logic Simplification, Combinational Logic, Data processing circuits, Arithmetic Circuits, Clock and Timing Circuits. Functions of Combinational Logic, Flip-Flop and Related Devices, Counters, Latches, Flip-flops and their operation, characteristics and applications such as parallel data storage, counter, monostable and bistable multivibrator, timers,etc. Counters : Asynchronous/Synchronous counter operations, Up/ down synchronous counters and design of synchronous counters, counter decoding and counter applications. Shift register: Different types of shift registers and applications.

*Phys 4101: Electronics*

Operational Amplifiers: Introduction to Operational Amplifier & its applications, Oscillators, Voltage Regulators, Op-Amp Frequency Response, Basic Op-Amp Circuits, Active filters, Oscillators & the Phase-locked loop.

*Phys 4102: Electronics*

(Number Systems), Operations and codes, Logic Gates, Boolean Algebra and Logic Simplification, Combinational Logic, Data processing circuits, Arithmetic Circuits, Clock and Timing Circuits. Functions of Combinational Logic, Flip-Flop and Related Devices, Counters, Latches, Flip-flops and their operation, characteristics and applications such as parallel data storage, counter, monostable and bistable multivibrator, timers,etc. Counters : Asynchronous/Synchronous counter operations, Up/ down synchronous counters and design of synchronous counters, counter decoding and counter applications. Shift register: Different types of shift registers and applications.

*Phys 4103: Nuclear Physics*

Neutron Physics: The production of neutrons, the detection of neutrons, the interaction of neutrons with matter in bulk; slowing down, Thermal neutrons, The diffusion of thermal neutrons, Cross-sections for neutron-induced reactions; measurement of the total cross section, Scattering, absorption and activation cross section, Nuclear Radiations and Neutron detectors.

*Phys 4104: Nuclear Physics*

Nuclear Fission: The discovery of nuclear fission, Fission cross sections and thresholds, The fission products, The mass and energy distributions and the fission products, Neutron emission in fission, The energy distribution of the neutrons emitted in fission, The energy release in fission, The theory of the fission process, Nuclear Energy Sources: Nuclear Fission as a source of energy, The chain-reacting system and introduction to nuclear reactor,

*Phys 4105: Quantum Mechanics*

Developments in quantum theory, Blackbody radiations, Rayleigh-Jean's law, Photoelectric& Compton effect, X-ray, Electron diffraction, Wave packets & De Broglie's wave particle dualism, Probability amplitudes, Probability in Classical & Quantum Physics, Uncertainty Principle, Wave Function, Operators, Time dependent and time independent Schrödinger’s equations.

*Phys 4106: Quantum Mechanics*

Applications of SE in physical problems, Particle in a box, Tunneling effect, Potential barrier, Potential well, Potential step, Simple harmonic oscillator, Energy levels of the H-atom and H like atoms, Perturbation theory, Vibrational theory, Approximation method. (In general)

*Phys 4107: Condensed Matter Physics*

Crystal Structure: Crystal Lattice and Translation Vectors, Unit Cell, Basis, Symmetry operations, Point Groups and Space Groups, Types of Lattices, Lattice direction and Planes, Interplanar Spacing, Simple Crystal Structure of Diamond, Zinc Blende (ZnS) Structure, Sodium Chloride (NaCl) Structure. X-Ray Diffraction and Reciprocal Lattice: X-ray diffraction, X-ray diffraction method, Reciprocal Lattice, Property of Reciprocal Lattice, Bragg's law and Reciprocal Lattice, Atomic Scattering Factor, Geometrical Structure Factor, Bonding in Solids,

*Phys 4108: Condensed Matter Physics*

Lattice Vibrations: Vibration of one-dimensional monoatomic Lattice, Vibration of one dimensional diatomic Lattice, Phonons, Momentum of Phonon, Inelastic Scattering of Photon by Phonon, Specific Heat, Classical Theory of Lattice Heat Capacity, Debye's Model of Lattice Heat Capacity. Free Electron Theory of Metals: Drude-Lorentz's classical theory, Sommerfeld's quantum theory, Application of Free Electron Gas Model.

*Phys 4109: Theoretical Physics*

Differential geometry: Curves and surfaces, Kinematics and dynamics of particles.

*Phys 4110: Theoretical Physics*

Kinematics and dynamics of rigid body, Hydrodynamic: Equation of continuity, Euler's equation of motion for a perfect fluid, Bernouilli's theorem, Steady irrotational motion.

*Phys 3201: AC Circuits & Electronics*

(Elementary network theory), Sinusoidal steady state response of circuits, Magnetic theory and circuits, Transformers, (Thevenin and Norton theorems), Diodes: characteristics and applications, (Special-Purpose Diodes), Bipolar Junction Transistors (BJTs), Transistors Bias Circuits.

*Phys 3202: Electronics*

BJT Amplifiers, Field-Effect Transistors; FET Amplifiers, Power Amplifiers, Amplifier Frequency Response.

*Phys 3203: Nuclear Physics*

Nuclear properties, Nuclear models, Nuclear forces, Nuclear energy, Nuclear disintegration, Decay processes, Nuclear radiation detectors: Gas filled detectors, Scintillation detectors, Semiconductor detectors.

*Phys 3204: Nuclear Physics*

Nuclear Reactions, Particle accelerators, Elementary particles and quarks, Introduction to radiation protection, Health Physics.

*Phys 3205: Classical Mechanics*

Introduction to Newtonian Mechanics: Frames of Reference, Newton’s Law of Motion, Inertial and Non –inertial Frames, Mechanics of a Particle, Motion under a Constant Force, Motion under a Time-dependent Force, Reflection of Radio waves from the Ionosphere, Motion under a Velocity Dependent Force, Motion of Charged Particles in Magnetic Fields, System of Particles: Centre of Mass, Conservation of Linear Momentum, Angular Momentum, Conservation of Angular Momentum, Kinetic Energy for a System of Particles, Energy Conservation of a System of Particles, Time Varying Mass Systems Rockets, Lagrangian Formulation: Constraints, Generalized Co-ordinates, Principle of Virtual Work, D’Alembert’s Principle, Lagrange’s Equations, Kinetic Energy in Generalized Co-ordinates, Generalized Momentum, Variational Principle: Hamilton’s Principle, Deduction of Hamilton’s Principle, Lagrange’s Equation from Hamilton’s Principle, Central Force Motion: Reduction to One-body Problem, General Properties of Central Force Motion, Effective Potential,

*Phys 3206: Classical Mechanics*

Hamiltonian Mechanics: The Hamiltonian of a System, Hamilton’s Equations of Motion, Hamilton’s Equations from Variational Principle, Canonical Transformations, Hamilton-Jacobi Theory: Hamilton-Jacobi Equation, Hamilton’s Characteristic Function, Harmonic Oscillator in The H-J Method, Separation of Variables in The H-J Equation, Central Force Problem in Plane Polar Co-ordinates, Action-Angle Variables, Harmonic Oscillator in Action-Angle Variables, The Motion of Rigid Bodies: Introduction, Angular Momentum, Kinetic Energy, Inertia Tensor, Principle Axes, Euler’s Angles, Infinitesimal Rotations, Rate of Change of a Vector, Coriolis Force,
Special Theory of Relativity: Relativistic Lagrangian of a Particle, Relativistic Hamiltonian of a Particle, Space-Time Diagram, Geometrical Interpretation of Lorentz Transformation, Principle of Covariance, Four-Vectors in Mechanics, Charge Current Four-Vector, Invariance of Maxwell’s Equations,

*Phys 3207: Electromagnetic Wave Theory*

The Static Magnetic Field of Steady Electric Currents: The static magnetic field of ferromagnetic materials: Magnetic dipoles and magnetization, Uniformly magnetized rod and equivalent air filled solenoid, The magnetic vectors B, H and M, Boundary relations, Tables of boundary relations for magnetic fields, Ferromagnetism, Magnetization curves, Hysteresis. Laplace's and Poisson's equations and boundary value problems: Solutions of Laplace's equations in rectangular coordinates, The parallel plate capacitors, Point by Point or interactive method, Solutions of Laplace's equations in cylindrical and spherical coordinates, Poisson's equation, Time-changing Electric and Magnetic Fields.

*Phys 3208: Electromagnetic Wave Theory*

Time-Changing Electric and Magnetic Fields: The Relation Between Field and Circuit Theory: Maxwell’s Equation: Plane waves in dielectric and conducting media: Plane waves and the wave equations, Solutions of the wave equations, Tables of solutions of wave equations, Phase velocity, Index of refraction, Group velocity, Impedance of dielectric media, The impedance of transmission line cell, Two plane waves traveling in opposite directions, Standing waves, Energy relation in a traveling waves, The Poynting vector, Energy relations in a standing wave, Conductors and dielectrics, Wave equations for conducting media, Depth of penetration. Relaxation time, Impedance of conducting media, The Poynting vector in a conducting media, Circuit application of the Poynting vector, General development of the wave equations problems.

*Phys 3209: Mathematical Physics*

Determinants and Matrices , Complex Number, Functions of a Complex Variable

*Phys 3210: Mathematical Physics*

Special Functions, Partial Differential Equation, Gamma, Beta functions, Differentiation under the Integral Sign.

*Phys 4201: Electronics*

Operational Amplifiers: Introduction to Operational Amplifier & its applications, Oscillators, Voltage Regulators, Op-Amp Frequency Response, Basic Op-Amp Circuits, Acive filters, Oscillators & the Phase-locked loop.

*Phys 4202: Electronics*

(Number Systems), Operations and codes, Logic Gates, Boolean Algebra and Logic Simplification, Combinational Logic, Data processing circuits, Arithmetic Circuits, Clock and Timing Circuits. Functions of Combinational Logic, Flip-Flop and Related Devices, Counters, Latches, Flip-flops and their operation, characteristics and applications such as parallel data storage, counter, monostable and bistable multivibrator, timers,etc. Counters : Asynchronous/Synchronous counter operations, Up/ down synchronous counters and design of synchronous counters, counter decoding and counter applications. Shift register: Different types of shift registers and applications.

*Phys 4203: Nuclear Physics*

Neutron Physics: The production of neutrons, the detection of neutrons, the interaction of neutrons with matter in bulk; slowing down, Thermal neutrons, The diffusion of thermal neutrons, Cross-sections for neutron-induced reactions; measurement of the total cross section, Scattering, absorption and activation cross section, Nuclear Radiations and Neutron detectors.

*Phys 4204: Nuclear Physics*

Nuclear Fission: The discovery of nuclear fission, Fission cross sections and thresholds, The fission products, The mass and energy distributions and the fission products, Neutron emission in fission, The energy distribution of the neutrons emitted in fission, The energy release in fission, The theory of the fission process, Nuclear Energy Sources: Nuclear Fission as a source of energy, The chain-reacting system and introduction to nuclear reactor,

*Phys 4205: Quantum Mechanics*

Developments in quantum theory, Blackbody radiations, Rayleigh-Jean's law, Photoelectric & Compton effect, X-ray, Electron diffraction, Wave packets & De Broglie's wave particle dualism, Probability amplitudes, Probability in Classical & Quantum Physics, Uncertainty Principle, Wave Function, Operators, Time dependent and time independent Schrödinger’s equations.

*Phys 4206: Quantum Mechanics*

Applications of SE in physical problems, Particle in a box, Tunneling effect, Potential barrier, Potential well, Potential step, Simple harmonic oscillator, Energy levels of the H-atom and H like atoms, Perturbation theory, Vibrational theory, Approximation method. (In general)

*Phys 4207: Condensed Matter Physics*

Crystal Structure: Crystal Lattice and Translation Vectors, Unit Cell, Basis, Symmetry operations, Point Groups and Space Groups, Types of Lattices, Lattice direction and Planes, Inter planar Spacing, Simple Crystal Structure of Diamond, Zinc Blende (ZnS) Structure, Sodium Chloride (NaCl) Structure. X-Ray Diffraction and Reciprocal Lattice: X-ray diffraction, X-ray diffraction method, Reciprocal Lattice, Property of Reciprocal Lattice, Bragg's law and Reciprocal Lattice, Atomic Scattering Factor, Geometrical Structure Factor, Bonding in Solids,

*Phys 4208: Condensed Matter Physics*

Lattice Vibrations: Vibration of one-dimensional monoatomic Lattice, Vibration of one dimensional diatomic Lattice, Phonons, Momentum of Phonon, Inelastic Scattering of Photon by Phonon, Specific Heat, Classical Theory of Lattice Heat Capacity, Debye's Model of Lattice Heat Capacity. Free Electron Theory of Metals: Drude-Lorentz's classical theory, Sommerfeld's quantum theory, Application of Free Electron Gas Model.

*Phys 4209: Theoretical Physics*

Differential geometry: Curves and surfaces, Kinematics and dynamics of particles.

*Phys 4210: Theoretical Physics*

Kinematics and dynamics of rigid body, Hydrodynamic: Equation of continuity, Euler's equation of motion for a perfect fluid, Bernouilli's theorem, Steady irrotational motion.

*Phys 5201: Electronics*

Memory and storages: Semiconductor memories; RAM, ROM, PROM, and Flash memories, Memory Expansion, Special types of Memories, ADC, DAC. Microcontroller Embedded Systems; Architecture, Instruction set, Assembly language programming technique, Programming I/Os and Peripherals, application design and hardware interfacing examples.

*Phys 5202: Electronics*

Special Purpose Op-Amp Circuits: Instrumentation Amplifiers, Isolation Amplifiers, Operational Transconductance amplifiers (OTAs), Log and Antilog Amplifiers, Converters and Other Op-Amp Circuits Application Activity Programmable Analog Technology, Power switching devices.

*Phys 5203: Nuclear Physics*

Introduction to Radiation measurement, Statistical Errors of Radiation Counting, Review of Atomic and Nuclear Physics, Energy Loss and Penetration of Radiations through matter, Introduction to Spectroscopy, Research methodology and Techniques.

*Phys 5204: Nuclear Physics*

Nuclear Forces and Two Body Problem, Wave Equation of deuteron, Low Energy Neutron-Proton Scattering Length, Scattering Parameters from Low Energy Data, Photodisintegration of the deuteron, Neutron-proton capture, Proton-Proton Scattering at Low Energies, Neutron-Neutron Scattering, High Energy neutron-Proton Scattering, Proton-Proton Scattering at High Energies. Nature of two Nucleon Potential .

*Phys 5205: Quantum Mechanics*

Wave mechanics: Wave packets, Gaussian wave packet, Quantization of (i) translationary (ii) orbital (iii) vibrationary motion, WKB Approximation, Quantum Field Theory Part 1 (QFT 1).

*Phys 5206: Quantum Mechanics*

Dirac vector model for angular momentum, (Matrix mechanics), Ladder and Shift operators, Angular momentum and spin, Scattering and cross section, Scattering amplitude, Born and Yukawa approximation, Elastic and Inelastic scattering, Scattering of identical particles. Quantum Field Theory Part 2 (QFT 2).

*Phys 5207: Condensed matter Physics*

Band Theory of Solids: The Bloch Theorem, The Kronig-Penney Model, Velocity and Effective Mass of Electron, Distinction Between Metals, Insulators and Semiconductors. Semiconductors: Pure or Intrinsic Semiconductors, Impurity or Extrinsic Semiconductors, Drift Velocity, Mobility and Conductivity of Intrinsic Semiconductors. The temperature Dependence of Carrier Concentration, Factors That Affect Carrier Mobility The Hall Effect, Carrier Concentration and Fermi Level for Intrinsic Semiconductor, Carrier Concentration, Fermi Level and Conductivity for Extrinsic semiconductor, Semiconductor Devices, Superconductivity.

*Phys 5208: Materials Science*

Properties of materials: Electrical properties of materials, Thermal properties of materials, Optical properties of materials, Magnetic properties of materials. Solar cell: The solar resources, Photovoltaic, Generating of solar power, Designing solar cell, Thin Film Solar Cells (Thin Film Photovoltaic Material, Defects in Polycrystalline Thin Film Materials, thin Film Silicon Solar Cell)Nanotechnology: Introduction to Nanotechnology, Incremental Nanotechnology, Evolutionary Nanotechnology, Radical Nanotechnology, Bottom-up/top down Nanotechnology.

*Phys 5209: Electromagnetic Wave Theory*

Wave Polarization: Wave Reflection and Diffraction Plane Wave, Normal Incidence, The Terminated Wave, Linearly Polarized Plane Wave, Oblique Incidence, Elliptically Polarized Plane Wave, Huygens’ Principle and Physical Optics, Geometrical-Optics Concepts, Scattering from a Conducting Strip, Geometrical Strip, Geometrical Theory of Diffraction.

*Phys 5210: Electromagnetic Wave Theory*

Transmission Lines, Wave Guides and Resonators-Coaxial, Two-wire and Infinite-Plane Transmission Lines, The Infinite Uniform Transmission Line, Comparison of Circuit and Field Quantities, Characteristic-Impedance Determinations, The Terminated Uniform Transmission line, Transmission, Transmission line charts, Transformer Bandwidth, Wave Reflections on a ¼ Transformer. Power Flow on a Transmission line. Circuit, Lines and Guide; TE mode Wave in the Infinite Parallel Plane Transmission line, The Hollow Rectangular Waveguide, The Hollow Circular Cylindrical Waveguide, Hollow Waveguides of other Cross Section, Attenuation at Frequencies at less/greater than cutoff, Waveguide Devices, waveguides Iris Theory, Intrinsic, Characteristic and wave Impedances. Wave Traveling to a plane Boundary, Open Waveguides, Cavity Resonators.

*Phys 5211: Mathematical Physics*

Tensor analysis: Rank Two Tensors, Rank Three Tensors. Christtofel symbols, Laplace Transform: Definition of the Laplace Transform, Existence of Laplace transforms, Laplace transforms of some elementary functions, Shifting (or translation) Theorems, The first shifting theorem, The second shifting theorem, Laplace transform of a periodic function, Laplace transforms of derivatives, Laplace transforms of functions defined by integrals,

*Phys 5212: Mathematical Physics*

Fourier Series: Euler-Fourier formulas, Convergence of Fourier series and Dirichlet conditions, Half-range Fourier series, Alternative forms of Fourier series, Integration and differentiation of a Fourier series, Fourier transforms for functions of several variables, Integral transform: A note on integral transformations, Power series.

*Phys 5201: Electronics*

Memory and storages: Semiconductor memories; RAM, ROM, PROM, and Flash memories, Memory Expansion, Special types of Memories, ADC, DAC. Microcontroller Embedded Systems; Architecture, Instruction set, Assembly language programming technique, Programming I/Os and Peripherals, application design and hardware interfacing examples.

*Phys 5202: Electronics*

Special Purpose Op-Amp Circuits: Instrumentation Amplifiers, Isolation Amplifiers, Operational Transconductance amplifiers (OTAs), Log and Antilog Amplifiers, Converters and Other Op-Amp Circuits Application Activity Programmable Analog Technology, Power switching devices.

*Phys 5203: Nuclear PhysicsPhys 5203: Nuclear Physics*

Introduction to Radiation measurement, Statistical Errors of Radiation Counting, Review of Atomic and Nuclear Physics, Energy Loss and Penetration of Radiations through matter, Introduction to Spectroscopy, Research methodology and Techniques.

*Phys 5204: Nuclear Physics*

Nuclear Forces and Two Body Problem, Wave Equation of deuteron, Low Energy Neutron-Proton Scattering Length, Scattering Parameters from Low Energy Data, Photodisintegration of the deuteron, Neutron-proton capture, Proton-Proton Scattering at Low Energies, Neutron-Neutron Scattering, High Energy neutron-Proton Scattering, Proton-Proton Scattering at High Energies. Nature of two Nucleon Potential .

*Phys 5205: Quantum Mechanics*

Wave mechanics: Wave packets, Gaussian wave packet, Quantization of (i) translationary (ii) orbital (iii) vibrationary motion, WKB Approximation, Quantum Field Theory Part 1 (QFT 1).

*Phys 5206: Quantum Mechanics*

Dirac vector model for angular momentum, (Matrix mechanics), Ladder and Shift operators, Angular momentum and spin, Scattering and cross section, Scattering amplitude, Born and Yukawa approximation, Elastic and Inelastic scattering, Scattering of identical particles. Quantum Field Theory Part 2 (QFT 2).

*Phys 5207: Condensed matter Physics*

Band Theory of Solids: The Bloch Theorem, The Kronig-Penney Model, Velocity and Effective Mass of Electron, Distinction Between Metals, Insulators and Semiconductors. Semiconductors: Pure or Intrinsic Semiconductors, Impurity or Extrinsic Semiconductors, Drift Velocity, Mobility and Conductivity of Intrinsic Semiconductors. The temperature Dependence of Carrier Concentration, Factors That Affect Carrier Mobility The Hall Effect, Carrier Concentration and Fermi Level for Intrinsic Semiconductor, Carrier Concentration, Fermi Level and Conductivity for Extrinsic semiconductor, Semiconductor Devices, Superconductivity.

*Phys 5208: Materials Science*

Properties of materials: Electrical properties of materials, Thermal properties of materials, Optical properties of materials, Magnetic properties of materials. Solar cell: The solar resources, Photovoltaic, Generating of solar power, Designing solar cell, Thin Film Solar Cells (Thin Film Photovoltaic Material, Defects in Polycrystalline Thin Film Materials, thin Film Silicon Solar Cell)Nanotechnology: Introduction to Nanotechnology, Incremental Nanotechnology, Evolutionary Nanotechnology, Radical Nanotechnology, Bottom-up/top down Nanotechnology.

*Phys 5209: Electromagnetic Wave Theory*

Wave Polarization: Wave Reflection and Diffraction Plane Wave, Normal Incidence, The Terminated Wave, Linearly Polarized Plane Wave, Oblique Incidence, Elliptically Polarized Plane Wave, Huygens’ Principle and Physical Optics, Geometrical-Optics Concepts, Scattering from a Conducting Strip, Geometrical Strip, Geometrical Theory of Diffraction.

*Phys 5210: Electromagnetic Wave Theory*

Transmission Lines, Wave Guides and Resonators-Coaxial, Two-wire and Infinite-Plane Transmission Lines, The Infinite Uniform Transmission Line, Comparison of Circuit and Field Quantities, Characteristic-Impedance Determinations, The Terminated Uniform Transmission line, Transmission, Transmission line charts, Transformer Bandwidth, Wave Reflections on a ¼ Transformer. Power Flow on a Transmission line. Circuit, Lines and Guide; TE mode Wave in the Infinite Parallel Plane Transmission line, The Hollow Rectangular Waveguide, The Hollow Circular Cylindrical Waveguide, Hollow Waveguides of other Cross Section, Attenuation at Frequencies at less/greater than cutoff, Waveguide Devices, waveguides Iris Theory, Intrinsic, Characteristic and wave Impedances. Wave Traveling to a plane Boundary, Open Waveguides, Cavity Resonators.

*Phys 5211: Mathematical Physics*

Tensor analysis: Rank Two Tensors, Rank Three Tensors. Christtofel symbols, Laplace Transform: Definition of the Laplace Transform, Existence of Laplace transforms, Laplace transforms of some elementary functions, Shifting (or translation) Theorems, The first shifting theorem, The second shifting theorem, Laplace transform of a periodic function, Laplace transforms of derivatives, Laplace transforms of functions defined by integrals,

*Phys 5212: Mathematical Physics*

Fourier Series: Euler-Fourier formulas, Convergence of Fourier series and Dirichlet conditions, Half-range Fourier series, Alternative forms of Fourier series, Integration and differentiation of a Fourier series, Fourier transforms for functions of several variables, Integral transform: A note on integral transformations, Power series.

*Ph 611- Quantum Mechanics*

The Stern-Gerlach Experiment, Kets, Bras and Operators, Base Kets and Matrix representations, Measurements, Observables and the Uncertainty Relations, Change of Basis, Position, Momentum and Translation, Wave Functions in Position and Momentum Space Problems. Time Evolution and the Schrödinger Equation, The Schrödinger versus the Heisenberg Picture, Simple Harmonic Oscillator, Schrödinger’s Wave Equation, Elementary Solutions to Schrödinger’s Wave Equation, Propagators and Feynman Path Integrals, Potentials and Gauge Transformations. Rotations and Angular Momentum Commutation Relations, Spin ½ Systems and Finite Rotations.

*Ph 612- Condensed Matter Physics*

Dielectrics and Ferroelectrics, Macroscopic Electric Field, Local Electric Field at an Atom, Dielectric constant and Polarizability, Structural phase transitions, Ferroelectric Crystals, Problems. Solid State Electronics : Semiconductor Materials and Their Properties, (The Valence Bond Model of the Semiconductor, The Energy Band Model, Equilibrium Concentrations of Electrons and Holes Inside the Energy Bands, The Fermi Level and Energy Distribution of Carriers Inside the Bands), The Temperature Dependence of Carrier Concentrations in an Extrinsic Semiconductor, Heavily Doped Semiconductors, Carrier Transport in Semiconductors, The Drift of Carriers in an Electric Field, Variation of Mobility with Temperature and Doping Level, Conductivity, Impurity Band Conduction, (The Hall Effect), & Problems, Introduction to Nanoscience and Nanotechnology: Size Matters, The Fundamental Importance of size, The Mechanic Behavior of Nanoparticles, & Problems, Preparation of electroceramics by Conventional Ceramics Method and measurement of resistance, capacitance and calculation of dielectric constant .

*Ph 613 Nuclear Physics*

Nuclear Structure Physics: Nuclear Masses, Rms Charge Radii, Charge Densities and Form Factors, Overview of Nuclear Decays. Gas-filled Detectors, Scintillation Detectors, Semiconductor Detectors, Photon (Gamma-Ray and X-Ray) Spectroscopy.

*Ph 614 Electronics*

Introduction to Digital Signal Processing: Basic Concept of Digital Signal Processing, Basic Digital Signal Processing Examples in Block Diagrams, Overview of Typical Digital Signal Processing in Real-World Applications, Digital Signal Processing Applications. Signal Sampling and Quantization: Sampling of Continuous Signal, Signal Reconstruction, Analog-to-Digital Conversion, Digital-to- Analog Conversion, and Quantization, MATLAB Programs. Digital Signals and Systems, Digital Signals, Linear Time-Invariant, Causal Systems, Difference Equations and Impulse Responses, Bounded-in-and-Bounded-out Stability, Digital Convolution. Discrete Fourier Transform and Signal Spectrum, Discrete Fourier Transform, Amplitude Spectrum and Power Spectrum, Spectral Estimation Using Window Functions, Application to Speech Spectral Estimation, Fast Fourier Transform.

*Ph 621Quantum Mechanics*

Density Operators and Pure Versus Mixed Ensembles, Eigenvalues and Eigenstates of Angular Momentum, Orbital Angular Momentum, Schrödinger’s Equation for Central Potentials, Addition of Angular Momenta, Schwinger's Oscillator Model of Angular Momentum. Symmetry in Quantum Mechanics: Symmetries, Conservation Laws and Degeneracy, Discrete Symmetries, Parity or Space Inversion, Lattice Translation as a
Discrete Symmetry, The Time-Reversal Discrete Symmetry. Problems.

*Ph 622 Condensed Matter Physics*

Diamagnetism and Paramagnetism, Langevin diamagnetism equation, Quantum theory of diamagnetism of mononuclear systems, paramagnetism, Quantum theory of paramagnetism, paramagnetic susceptibility of conduction electrons, Ferromagnetism and Antiferromagnetism, Solid State Electronics: Excess Carriers in Semiconductors Injection of Excess Carriers, Recombination of Excess Carriers, Mechanisms of Recombination Processes, Origin of Recombination Centers, Excess Carriers and Quasi-Fermi Levels, Basic Equations for Semiconductors Device Operations, Electrical Breakdown in p-n Junctions Phenomenological Description of Breakdown Mechanisms, Theoretical Treatment of Internal Field Emission, Zener Breakdown in p-n Junctions, Secondary Multiplication in Semiconductors, Avalanche Breakdown in p-n Junctions, Effect of Junction Curvature and Crystal Imperfections on the Breakdown Voltage, Dynamic Behavior of p-n Junction Diodes Small-Signal ac Impedance of a Junction Diode, The Charge Control Equation of a Junction Diode, Switching Transients in Junction Diodes, Ohmic Contacts, Hetero junctions & Problems. Junctions and devices and the Nanoscale: Introduction, junctions, Metal- Metal Junctions, Metal- Semiconductor Junctions & Exercises. Preparation of soft magnetic materials by sol – gel auto combustion Method and measurement of magnetic properties.

*Ph 623 Nuclear Physics*

Nuclear Structure Physics: The Fermi Gas Model, Overview of the Nuclear Shell Model, The One-body Potential. Radiation Sources, Interaction of Radiation with Matter, Radiation Dosimetry.

*Ph 624 Electronics*

The z-Transform: DSP Systems, Basic Filtering Types, and Digital Filter Realizations, Finite Impulse Response Filter Design, Infinite Impulse Response Filter Design, (Hardware and Software for Digital Signal Processors). Embedded System on Programmable Chip design: Programmable FPGA applications AND / OR Wireless sensor Network AND / OR Sensor Programming on Mobile devices AND / OR Internet of Things (IoT).

#### Dr. Daw Khin Htoo

Professor(Head)

#### Dr. Aye Aye Hnin

Associate Professor

#### Dr. Khin Moe Oo

Associate Professor

#### Dr. Aye Thandar Oo

Associate Professor

#### Dr. Hnin Thida Lwin

Associate Professor

__Lecturers__

- U Thant Shwe
- Daw Thandar Win
- Daw Than Than Shwe
- Daw Yi Yi Aung
- U Kyaw Zin Oo
- Dr. Moe Thidar Aye
- Dr. Khin Moh Khaine
- Dr. Daw Hla Htay Win
- Dr. Zin Oo Hlaing
- Dr. Kyaw Hlaing
- Dr. Myint Kaythi Khaing
- Dr. Mya Wuttyi
- Dr. Tin Myo Myo Win
- Dr. Thein Zaw
- U Than Lwin
- U Lwun Htet Nay Aung
- Daw Thae Theint Theint Aung
- Dr. Su Su Naing
- Dr. Yu Marlar Lwin
- Dr. Khin San Kwin
- Daw Naw Htee Mu War
- Daw Myat Myat Tun
- Dr. San Seint Seint Myint
- U Ye Kyaw Naing
- Dr. Aye Mya Tun
- Dr. Ei Ei Thu Myint

__Assistant Lecturers__

- Dr. May Myat Soe
- Daw Zarchi Win
- U Aung Thu Hein
- Dr. Theingi Myint
- Dr. Lae Lae Win

__Demonstrator__

- Dr. Ei Cherry Hlaing

*Mission*

- Collecting technical information, doing researches, distributing information, applying and reviewing for the society
- Producing intellectually wise, discerning and responsible human resources

*Vision*

Bago University’s main goal is to produce highly qualified, competent, undergraduate human resources for the purpose of building a modern, developed nation.

*Contact*

**Bago University**

Yangon-Mandalay Highway Road, (8/9) ward, Oakthar Myothit, Bago, Bago Region, Myanmar.

**Tel:**(+95) 052 2230288